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Preah Vihear Temple

Trip to see Preah Vihear temple wills departure early morning from Siem Reap by driving via Anlong Veng (278km 2 and half hours’ drive). Preah Vihear temple is located in Svay Chhrum village, Kantuot commune, Choam Ksan district, about 108 kilometers north of Preah Vihear provincial town. Preah Vihear province was created in 1964 by cutting the land from Stung Treng, Kampong Thom and Siem Reap provinces. The province is at the north of Cambodia, on the plateau that is rich in forests, mountains and streams. Preah Vihear temple, which is 800 meters long and 400 me¬ters wide, also an ancient Hindu temple built during the reign of the Khmer Empire that is situated atop a 525m cliff in the Dangrek Mountains. In 1962, following a lengthy dispute between Thailand and Cambodia over ownership, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague ruled that the temple is in Cambodia.

 

Affording a view for many kilometers across a plain, Preah Vihear temple has the most spectacular setting of all the temples built during 6 centuries-long Khmer Empire. As a key edifice of the empire's spiritual life, it was supported and modified by successive kings and so bears elements of several architectural styles. Preah Vihear is unusual among Khmer temples in being constructed along a long north-south axis, rather than having the conventional rectangular plan with orientation toward the east. The temple gives its name to Cambodia's Preah Vihear province, in which it is now located, as well as the Khao Phra Wihan National Park which borders it in Thailand's Sisaket province and through which the temple is most easily accessible. On July 7, 2008, Preah Vihear was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  

Construction of the first temple on the site began in the early 9th century; both then and in the following centuries it was dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva in his manifestations as the mountain gods Sikharesvara and Bhadresvara. The earliest surviving parts of the temple, however, date from the Koh Ker period in the early 10th century, when the empire's capital was at the city of that name. Today, elements of the Banteay Srei style of the late 10th century can be seen, but most of the temple was constructed during the reigns of the Khmer kings Suryavarman I (1002–1050) and Suryavarman II (1113–1150). An inscription found at the temple provides a detailed account of Suryavarman II studying sacred rituals, celebrating religious festivals and making gifts, including white parasols, golden bowls and elephants, to his spiritual advisor, the aged Brahmin Divakarapandita. The Brahmin himself took an interest in the temple, according to the inscription, donating to it a golden statue of a dancing Shiva known as "Nataraja". In the wake of the decline of Hinduism in the region the site was converted to use by Buddhists.

 

The top of the mountain where the temple situated, visit its beautiful carving and bas relief as well as you can view the landscape of Cambodia and Thailand. On the way back if we have enough time will bring you to see Ta Mok's House, Ta Mok was a Cambodian military chief and soldier who was a senior figure in the Khmer Rouge. He was best known as Brother Number 5 or the Butcher. Drive back to Siem Reap at the end of service.

 

Note: This program can be flexible adopting your availabilities or mood, we open to your modification and customization.
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